If you tell a story it’s sometimes necessary to tell about actions that had happened before the past tense. To express the time when these actions happened you have to use the past perfect.
How to form: had (not) + 3rd form
Key words: after, before
She needed help because someone had stolen her car.
He passed the test because he had studied a lot.
After she had done her homework she visited me.
When I came home they had already eaten.
They had sold everything before they moved to Glasgow.
THE PAST TENSE
How to form: Infinitive (=1st form) + ed = 2nd form
Examples: walk + ed walked
laugh + ed laughed
want + ed wanted
Note: cry cried y → i
carry carried y → i
love loved no e
hope hoped e fällt weg
stop stopped if you speak a short vowel → doubling
drop dropped Bei kurz gesprochenen Vokal → Verdopplung
Key words: yesterday, last week (month, Monday, October,…), in 1984, ago
Negation: didn’t (= did not) + 1st form
He didn’t go to her last party.
They didn’t like his story.
BUT: was not (wasn’t), were not (weren’t), could not (couldn’t)
Question: did + 1st form
Did he go to her last party?
Did they like his story?
BUT: Was he angry? Were they late? Could they swim?
Examples: 1st form 2nd form 1st form 2nd form
am, is was see saw
are were do did
get got take took
go went have had
PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE
1st form / he, she, it + s // they go , he goes am / is / are + verb + ing // I am going
with habits and general statements to express when something is happening at the moment
key words: always, often, usually, every, never, generally, seldom, rarely, hardly ever, sometimes, normally key words: look, listen, now, at the moment
PAST SIMPLE PAST PROGRESSIVE
2nd form // he went, they played was / were + ing form // he was going
used to tell or talk about a past action used to tell or talk about a long action in the past
key words: yesterday, last, ago, in 1970 key words: while, when
WILL FUTURE GOING TO FUTURE
will + 1st form ( N.: won’t) // he will be, she will go am / is / are + going to + verb
He is going to play tennis tomorrow.
used to talk about the future used to talk about a future action that is planned
(wird verwendet, wenn man über die Zukunft spricht.) (wird verwendet, wenn man etwas schon fix geplant oder beschlossen hat.)
key words: tomorrow, next key words: tomorrow, next
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE
have / has + 3rd form // she has gone have / has + been + ing form // he has been
used when a past action started in the past and has just finished or is still happening. is used like the simle form but only with long actions
key words:already, just, ever, never, yet, for, since key words: how long, all day, for, since
PAST PERFECT SIMPLE PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE
had + 3rd form // she had gone had been + ing form // he had been going
used when a action happened befor another action used like the simple form but only with long actions
key words: after, before key words: how long, before, after
Filed under: English Zone |